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Scientific Papers on Notostraca

Reproductive isolation and genetic differentiation in North American species of Triops (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Notostraca)

Talks in detail on the variations of Triops longicaudatus in North America to other Triops found in America.

The distribution of Triops and Lepidurus (branchiopoda) in Australia

Where you can find the above species in Austrialia.

Distribution, phenology and status for the larger Branchiopoda (Crustacea: Anostraca, Notostraca, Spinicaudata and Laevicaudata) in Denmark

T. cancriformis, T. stagnalis, L. brachyurus and L. apus are the species included in this report. Some interesting points on T. stagnalis are noted.

Sensitivity of Metabolic Rate, Growth, and Fecundity of Tadpole Shrimp (Triops Longicaudatus) to Environmental Variation

This is an excellent report as it talks of the effects of temperature and oxygen on the newly hatched Triops. Definitely worth reading.

New records of large branchiopods (Branchiopoda: Anostraca, Notostraca, and Spinicaudata) in Mexico

Mainly this report discusses the location of various Notostraca in Mexico.

Large branchiopod assemblages common to Mexico and the United States 

This report continues discussing the location of various Notostraca in Mexico.

Fish and crustaceans in northeast Greenland lakes with special emphasis on interactions between Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus), Lepidurus arcticus and benthic chydorids

This report discuss this rare creature, Lepidurus arcticus, which can live down at very cold temperatures at around 6 to 10°C (42 to 50°F).

Circumpolar analysis of morphological and genetic diversity in the Notostracan Lepidurus arcticus

This reports discusses the distribution of Lepidurus arcticus in the Arctic region.

Significant extension in northern Australia of the known geographic range of the Shield Shrimp Triops australiensis (Crustacea: Notostraca)

This report talks about where the Australia Shield Shrimp lives.

Molecular characterization of the tadpole shrimp Triops (Branchiopoda: Notostraca) from the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico: New insights on species diversity and phylogeny of the genus

This report compares the Mexican tadpole shrimp with other Triops species.

Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of the `living fossil’ lineages Triops and Lepidurus (Branchiopoda: Notostraca)

Compares Triops cancriformis and Lepidurus apus to American and Japanese Triops.

Use of the tadpole shrimp (Triops spp.) as a biological agent to control paddy weeds in Japan

This report looks to see if adding Triops to rice fields would control the growth of weeds.

Myogenic Heartbeat in the Primitive Crusacean Triops longicaudatus

How the heart of a Triops works.

SEM studies on the early larval development of Triops cancriformis

An excellent paper showing with high quality photographs the very early larval stages of Triops before they become adults.


The Triops species Lepidurus has often been over looked. This paper talks about the various species like Lepidurus arcticus, Lepidurus bilobatus, Lepidurus packardi, Lepidurus couesii and Lepidurus lemmoni. This paper also claims to have discovered a new species called Lepidurus cryptus in existence.

Sister species within the Triops cancriformis lineage

This paper investigates the genetic relationships among the presently recognized subspecies of the tadpole shrimp, Triops cancriformis using rDNA. That is Triops cancriformis simplex and Triops cancriformis cancriformis.

Evidence for cryptic species in the tadpole shrimp Triops granarius. (Lucas, 1864)

This paper investigates the evidence for species differences and that Triops numidicus may in fact be Triops granarius. (page 59).

pH-related hatching success of Triops cancriformis. (Iris Maria Schonbrunner & Erich Eder, April 2006)

This paper investigates the hatching rates of Triops cancriformis with different pH ranges.
Also contains a chart with hatching rates of other Triops species with temperature, light, etc.

Recent evolution of alternative reproductive modes in the ‘living fossil’ Triops cancriformis (Thorid Zierold, Bernd Hanfling and Africa Gómez. Sept. 2007)

This paper investigates the sexuality of Triops cancriformis.
Oddly it appears to tells you where the secret last remaining sites of this endangered species is in the UK!

Other interesting papers

Nitrospira-like Bacteria Associated with Nitrite Oxidation in Freshwater Aquaria

My Triops (July 23, 2024) Scientific Papers on Notostraca. Retrieved from
"Scientific Papers on Notostraca." My Triops - July 23, 2024,
My Triops July 9, 2020 Scientific Papers on Notostraca., viewed July 23, 2024,<>
My Triops - Scientific Papers on Notostraca. [Internet]. [Accessed July 23, 2024]. Available from:
"Scientific Papers on Notostraca." My Triops - Accessed July 23, 2024.
"Scientific Papers on Notostraca." My Triops [Online]. Available: [Accessed: July 23, 2024]
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